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WS_Science By You Activity_Taxonomy Lab_Final

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+ ward ' s science Page 1 Taxonomy Lab Submitted by: Julia M. Recommended Grade Level(s): Appropriate for: Grade 9 Teaching Topics & Concepts: Biology, classification and naming organisms, genus, species. Time Requirements: Activity Time: 1 day in class, 1 week (to include a weekend) for photography Standards: NGSS: HS-LS1-2, HS-LS4-1, SL.11-12.5, WHST.9-12.7, WHST.9-12.9 Introduction: • This lab is designed to help you become familiar with scientific names and the classification scheme biologists use to understand organisms. This branch of biology that deals with classifying and naming organisms is called taxonomy. • The modern system of classification began in 1758 when a Swedish doctor/botanist introduced the binomial system of nomenclature (based upon two names). Carl von Linne, better known in the style of his own naming system as Carolus Linnaeus, published his concept of binomial nomenclature in the tenth edition of his book, Systema Naturae. This system used two Latin names—genus and species—for each species of organism. Binomial names are either italicized or underlined. The first letter of the Genus name is capitalized, but the species is always writing in lowercase (ie. Genus species or Genus species). After the genus name has been written out once, it may be abbreviated in writing as G. species of G. Species. • In addition to assigning a unique name to each species, Linnaeus recognized a need for placing organisms into groups based on their similarities. These similarities were first based solely on the appearances and behaviors of organisms; now, however, they are also based on genetic similarities by using DNA. As a result, some species were reclassified. The classification originally divided all life forms into two major kingdoms. (Animalia and Plantae). Recently, though, biologists have added a new category above the kingdom, known as domain, and have expanded the kingdoms to six (Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Bacteria, and Archaea). This content is being brought to you by the Ward's World, Science By You program. This program brings lesson and classroom activity ideas directly from science teachers around the nation right to you. From best practices to activities, Science by You offers inspiration for every subject and every grade level. Interested in sharing your own content? Learn how today. PMS200 Black 70% Cool Gray 10 Black Astra Regular get for free from dafont.com

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